The city of Dnipropetrovsk is situated on the Dnipro River in East-Central Ukraine, and has a population 1,200,000. Large and beautiful, it is the main city of East-Central Ukraine. The old fortress settlement has existed since the middle of the 16th century. The new town was founded in 1776 by the Russian Prince, Potemkin by order of Catherine II, Empress of the Russian Empire and was called Yekaterinoslav (Ekaterinoslav) from 1776 to 1926. During 1918 the town`s name was Sicheslav (The Glory for Sich`/Fortress of Cossacks). Dnipropetrovsk has been the major center of the steel industry from the beginning of the 20th century until the present. It has also dominated in the space building industry since the 1950s.
Today, the city is the major trade, finance and industrial center of Eastern and Central Ukraine and third city in the country by population. There are 11 universities, academies and institutes in Dnipropetrovsk. Construction of the Metro (subway) was completed in late 1995. An International airport offers direct lines to and from Wien (Austria), Frankfurt on Maine (Germany), Istanbul (Turkey), Tel Aviv (Israel), Moscow (Russia) etc.
The central streets of the city were renamed during the Soviet time in honor of the outstanding revolutionaries. (And it is interesting; the largest of them is in honor of German figures.) So the central street of the city has the name of Karl Marx. It is a very beautiful, wide and long parkway, which stretches east to west through the central part of the city. It was founded in the XVIII century and parts of its buildings are the actual decoration of the city. In the nucleus of the city is Zhovtneva square, on which is the majestic Cathedral that was founded by order of Katherine II (Russian empress) in 1776. On the square, there are some remarkable buildings: the Museum of History, Diorama “Battle for the Dnipro River (Second World War)”, and also the beautiful park in which you can rest in the hot summer. Walking down the hill to the Dnipro River, you will arrive in the large Taras Shevchenko Park (which is on the right bank of the river) and on Monastyrskiy Island. This island is one of the most interesting places in the city. In the IX century, the Byzantian monks based a monastery here. It was destroyed by Mongol-Tatars in the XIII century. The compact “old town” does not exist in Dnipropetrovsk anymore. Many historic buildings and churches were destroyed in the Second World War and in Stalin`s communist times in the 1930s. (You can see pictures of the old city of the 19th century Yekaterinoslav).
However all of Central Avenue, some street-blocks on the main hill (the Nagornaya part) between Pushkina Prospekt and Embankment, and sections near Globy and Shevchenka parks have been untouched for 150 years. An evening walk through those parts of the city is very pleasurable… The Dnipro River is a wonderful creation of nature that keeps the climate mild and the air fresh. You can see it from many points in Dnipropetrovsk. From any hill (there are 7 in the city) you will find a beautiful view of the river, islands, parks, outskirts, riverbanks and hills.
There was no need to build huge skyscrapers in the city in Soviet times. Powerful industries preferred to construct offices close to their main factories away from the center of town. In the last ten years of independence the price of land in Ukraine has grown considerably. All the new office buildings are being built in the same architectural style as the old buildings….
How to get there
– By air