The town was founded either in the 12th or 13th centuries as an eastern border fort of Kievan Rus’. According to legend, the fort was a place of peace negotiations that gave it its name (literally the City of Peace).
Myrhorod was first mentioned in chronicles in 1575 when Stephen Bathory, King of Poland made it a regiment city. According to some[who?] historians, there was an earlier mentioning of the city in 1530, when the city coat of arms were established – yellow cross over an eight-pointed star, which signifies the victory of Christianity over Islam.
Myrhorod was the regimental base of the Myrhorod Cossacks who were very active in several Ukrainian Cossack uprisings, particularly during the peasants’-and-cossacks’ revolt of 1638 under the leadership of Hetman Yakov Ostrianytsia against the Polish nobility (szlachta). The Myrhorod Cossack regiment was among the best units in the army of Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky during the Khmelnytsky Uprising (1648–1654).
After the Treaty of Pereyaslav, the city became an uezd city, the centre for the Myrhorod regiment. The famous Sorochyntsy Fair is located 25 km from Myrhorod.
Myrhorod became famous in world literature through a cycle of stories written by Nikolai Gogol in Russian and entitled Mirgorod .
Since the beginning of the 20th century, Myrhorod is also known as a resort town for its underground mineral waters lodged inside the layer of rocks deposited during the Jurassic period. Commercial drilling for this ecologically pure water started in 1927.
“Myrhorodska” water is described as “slightly mineralised natrium chloride water”. It is completely clear and tastes a little odd, part of the taste being attributable to what is, in effect, table salt. Many other dissolved minerals also contribute to the taste and, of course, it is the precise balance of these that is thought to produce the claimed health benefits. For its unique health curative effects, “Myrhorodska” water is recommended by doctors for people suffering from gastritis, colitis and other disorders of the digestive system, particularly those with a lower level of stomach acidity than is considered average. It is also widely drunk as table water because it quenches thirst effectively and produces general effects considered to be beneficial to health.
There are several health resorts in the town (at least four). The most extensive and by far the best equipped of these is ‘Myrhorod Kurort’. This particular spa consists of four individual sanatoria, each one specialising in one or more distinct areas – diabetes, cardiovascular disease, ENT, gastrointestinal problems, etc. and are open for medical treatments six days a week (Sundays excluded). An integral part of any treatment is one of nine diet regimes, although these are recommended and not enforced.
The whole complex is located right in the middle of the city and is spaced out in a large expanse of sandy woodland with the river Khorol providing several areas suitable for bathing. It has a musical fountain, (opened in 2010), and, at night, a large illuminated windmill, (opened in 2011), standing close to the main administrative building. Other features include pedaloes, boats, several restaurants and cafés, dancing, live music, rides through the woods in a horse-drawn carriage, a theatre, organised excursions and a large ‘water feature’ with geese, ducks (including a couple of Mandarins), a large family of terrapins and some beautiful black swans. Elsewhere in the complex is an enclosure with peacocks and hens, including some rather exotic white ones.
How to get there
– Nearest airports
- International Airport Boryspil (KBP)
- International Airport Kyiv (IEV)
- International Airport Kharkiv (HRK)